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Inuvialuit negotiated the first modern comprehensive land claim agreement in the Northwest Territories. When the Inuvialuit Final Agreement (IFA) was concluded in 1984, self-government had not yet been recognized as an inherent right by the Government of Canada. It was not until the Inherent Right Policy was introduced in 1995 that Inuvialuit had the opportunity to engage in self-government negotiations with the Government of Canada.
In 1996, IRC and Gwich'in Tribal Council began jointly negotiating the Gwich'in and Inuvialuit Self-Government Agreement with the governments of Canada and the Northwest Territories. In 2003, an agreement-in-principle was reached. A final agreement could not be reached, however, and in 2005, IRC and Gwich'in Tribal Council agreed to close the Beaufort-Delta self-government office.
In 2006, IRC, on behalf of Inuvialuit, began negotiating a new self-government agreement with the federal and territorial governments. A Process and Schedule Agreement (PSA), which outlines the negotiators' work plan and timeline, was signed by all three parties in May 2007. This was the first step in the journey to conclude a self-government agreement for Inuvialuit.
This means, Inuvialuit beneficiaries have been pursuing self-government for more than 20 years.